By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are advised that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay gradual, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim global explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet making certain the outbreak of struggle. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research indicates one other truth taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, taking advantage of a common flow with roots within the Enlightenment.
The old and geographical sweep of this e-book discredits the proposal of a selected Islamic demography. the variety of fertility between Muslim ladies, for instance, is as diversified as non secular habit between Muslims ordinarily. even if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various workforce that end up the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd think about assorted levels of literacy, patriarchy, and shielding reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of huge secularization in the course of the Arab and Muslim global.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to tell apart the evolution of Islam from the background of Christianity, specifically with Muslims now getting into an international modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of private and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a deadly meme: that we are living in a fractured international with reference to obstacle, being affected by a pandemic of closed cultures and minds made varied by means of religion.
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Extra info for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
The opposite was the case for Russian and Chinese families, large patrilineal and exogamous groups in which relations between parents and children and husbands and wives seems to have been immersed in an atmosphere of permanent psychological violence. The swift disintegration of these family systems in the period of modernization was no doubt the result of their members’ perception that their way of life was mutilating. Nothing of the kind happened with the Arab family. Endogamy softens the complex interpersonal relations produced by an extended family system.
They are a burden, and if they are too numerous, they are eliminated. The exogamous patrilineal systems of China and northern India exhibit completely abnormal sex ratios:2 The number of men compared to the number of women is much too high. In the Arab world, daughters are not fated to leave the family, but to stay and marry a cousin and live under the temporary authority of an uncle. This kind of situation is naturally protective, and female infanticide is not an Arab tradition, although patrilinealism and the preference for sons sometimes induces distortions in terms of mortality.
Islam is one of the major universalist religions. It is therefore not surprising to ﬁnd egalitarian laws of inheritance in the countries where it is the dominant religion. But the rule is not absolute, and countries such as Maylasia and Indonesia have adopted inheritance rules as hazy as those in England. A degree of ideological haziness also characterized the anticommunist crisis in Indonesia in 1965 and 1966. Patrilinealism and Patrilocalism In the Surah “The Women,” the Koran presents a detailed exposition of a rather complex inheritance law essentially egalitarian for sons, with daughters having to accept a half-share.
A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World by Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage