By John K. Thornton
Precis: A Cultural background of the Atlantic international, 1250–1820 explores the concept powerful hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the US. John ok. Thornton offers a accomplished review of the background of the Atlantic Basin earlier than 1830 by way of describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He lines the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch through ecu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of various Atlantic societies and exhibiting how new methods of consuming, consuming, talking and worshipping built within the newly created Atlantic international. This ebook makes use of shut readings of unique assets to supply new interpretations of its topic.
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Extra info for A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820
A combination of circumstances and fixed features of the Atlantic made it the lot of Mediterranean people to be the first to make successful and practical sustained Atlantic commerce. Exploration of the Atlantic was not a part of some early modern scientific research, akin to a space shot, or the romantic quest that historians of the earlier part of the twentieth century gave it. 22 The exploration of the Atlantic begins, prosaically, not with dreamers, but with the development of the grain trade in the late thirteenth century.
Their preindustrial world was united by common rhythms of life and death, bound by the limits of a constricted food supply, beset by diseases that could not be cured. In this world of the sixteenth or eighteenth century, for example, no society had a life expectancy more than about forty years, and many had less. One out of three or four babies did not survive their first year of life, and on the whole, only half of those who were born managed to live long enough to reproduce themselves. This immense human wastage, sometimes made even worse in the harshest labor and social regimes, such as slavery, rack-renting, or heavy taxation, meant that even birthrates far in excess of those today produced relatively little population growth.
7. I have cited the chapters to facilitate comparisons of the many editions and translations. 26 The letter may well have been imaginary, and there are literally hundreds of extant versions in many languages. Scholars have sought since the nineteenth century to reconstruct the original text. ), A Carta do Preste João das Índias: Versões medievais Latinas (Lisbon, 1998). 27 In 1306, these stories were consolidated when an Ethiopian mission arrived in the Spanish court, seeking an alliance against Egypt and other Muslim powers.
A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 by John K. Thornton