By Robert J. Alexander
This quantity is a pioneering examine of the background of prepared exertions within the important American republics. It lines the background within the numerous international locations from the early 19th century to the tip of the 20 th century. It additionally discusses why they seemed, what organizational and ideological developments characterised the move in those international locations, the position of collective bargaining, the commercial effect of prepared hard work, in addition to the relatives of the move within the person nations with each other and with the wider hard work circulate open air of the nations fascinated about this volume.
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Extra resources for A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America
5. 27. Barría, interview. 28. S. Embassy), interview with the author in Panama City, July 6, 1967. 29. Phillipps, in Latin American Labor Organizations, p. 588. 30. Tomás Dionisio Aráuz (secretary of international relations of Confederación Obrera y Campesina de la República de Panamá, and subsequently secretarygeneral of Confederación Agraria Nacional), interview with the author in Panama City, August 27, 1952. 31. Padre Carlos Pérez (adviser and organizer of Comité Nacional de Organización Sindical), interview with the author in Panama City, Panama, August 27, 1952.
However, faced with serious internal opposition and the refusal of the United States government of President Woodrow Wilson to recognize his regime, Tinoco finally resigned and went into exile about two years after seizing power. In 1940, a medical doctor who received certain fame for serving the poor, Rafael Calderón Guardia, was elected president. He pushed through Congress a social security system and a labor code and generally encouraged the labor movement. Encountering strong opposition from the economic and social elite, Calderón Guardia formed an alliance with the Communist Party, which largely dominated the labor movement at the time.
In 1948, the FSTP organized the Unión Sindical Marítima de Panamá, which sought unsuccessfully to organize workers on Panama flag ships. 24 A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America Despite its origins with the Communist-dominated FSTP, this union affiliated with the International Transport Workers Federation (ITF), associated with the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. 72 In its First Congress, in March 1952, the Federación de Sindicatos Independientes, to which the Unión Sindical Marítima was then affiliated, adopted an extensive resolution concerning the ships of Panamanian registry.
A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America by Robert J. Alexander