By Hong Hai

ISBN-10: 9814452017

ISBN-13: 9789814452014

Acupuncture is extensively practised within the twenty first century in scientifically built international locations for quite a lot of illnesses starting from power ache, giddiness and hypertension to gastrointestinal problems and sexual disorder. but the explanations for its vaunted efficacy stay an issue of controversy. In conventional chinese language scientific concept, the mechanism of motion in acupuncture used to be understood by way of the circulation of qi and the stability of yin and yang during the body's meridians, a posh community painstaking charted yet by no means came upon. smooth clinical researchers have tested previous and new needling issues, and a few view them as "trigger issues" that stimulate physiological responses within the physique. there's additionally transparent facts of sturdy placebo results, even though it has now not been conclusively tested that that this is often both the most or the single major impression.

This quantity includes twelve articles overlaying the newest medical causes of the mechanism of acupuncture and important experiences of medical trials on its efficacy by way of major students, together with Edzard Ernst at Exeter, Lixing Lao on the college of Maryland, notebook Leung on the chinese language collage of Hong Kong and Thomas Lundeberg at Karolinska Institute.

Hong Hai is Senior Fellow on the Institute of complex experiences and Adjunct Professor, Nanyang Technological collage, Singapore and Director of the Renhai sanatorium.

Readership: doctors, either Western docs and TCM practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers and scholars. additionally, libraries of TCM specialist institutions and educating institutes.

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Rats made tolerant to 2 Hz EA was fully responsive to 100 Hz, and vice versa, suggesting that they may be mediated by different receptors. This conclusion is also supported by a study in patients with dysmenorrhoea who reported that both high- and low-frequency TENS resulted in pain alleviation but only 2 Hz was reversed by the opioid antagonist naloxone. A modality specific effect on inflammation has also been reported. In a rat inflammatory model, 10 Hz EA, but not 100 Hz EA suppressed inflammation likely by activating the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA).

Indd 31 1/25/2013 6:13:46 PM b1528 Acupuncture: Theory and Evidence 32 b1528_Ch-02 25 Jan 2013 6:22 PM S. Birch explanatory models and suggested models and ways of thinking that may help future research in this area. g. Refs. 36, 55, 84). g. 53,90,104 Unschuld argues that ‘Thomas Kuhn’s notions of ‘scientific revolution’ and ‘periods of normal science’ are hardly applicable to Chinese history of science’ (Ref. 104, pp. 6, 7). 53,90 We will thus not engage in arguments or discussions further about paradigmatic differences, instead focusing here on a number of important philosophical differences.

Indd 18 1/25/2013 6:13:32 PM b1528 Acupuncture: Theory and Evidence b1528_Ch-02 25 Jan 2013 6:22 PM CHAPTER 2 EXPLANATORY NATURE, MODELS, NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING THEM Stephen Birch University College of Health Sciences Campus Kristiania, Oslo, Norway Abstract What are traditionally based systems of acupuncture, TBSAs? How are they different from other styles of acupuncture? What is the nature of knowledge and what the assumptions about the nature of things that underlie TBSAs? How is this thinking different from the nature of knowledge and assumptions about the nature of things that underlie modern scientific knowledge of the world?

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Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence by Hong Hai

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