By Alain C. Pierre (auth.), Michel A. Aegerter, Nicholas Leventis, Matthias M. Koebel (eds.)
Aerogels are the lightest solids recognized. as much as one thousand instances lighter than glass and with a density as little as in basic terms 4 occasions that of air, they convey very excessive thermal, electric and acoustic insulation values and carry many entries in Guinness global documents. initially in response to silica, R&D efforts have prolonged this classification of fabrics to non-silicate inorganic oxides, normal and artificial natural polymers, carbon, steel and ceramic fabrics, and so forth. Composite platforms related to polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks were constructed and express outstanding mechanical power and suppleness. much more unique aerogels according to clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers corresponding to chitosan are starting new purposes for the development, transportation, power, safeguard and healthcare industries. functions in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, strength creation and garage, sensors, drugs, nanotechnology, army and aerospace, oil and gasoline restoration, thermal insulation and loved ones makes use of are being built with an anticipated annual marketplace progress expense of round 70% until eventually 2015. The Aerogels instruction manual summarizes state of the art advancements and processing of inorganic, natural, and composite aerogels, together with crucial equipment of synthesis, characterization in addition to their normal functions and their attainable marketplace influence. Readers will locate an exhaustive review of all aerogel fabrics recognized this day, their fabrication, upscaling elements, actual and chemical homes, and latest advances in the direction of functions and advertisement items, a few of that are commercially to be had this day. Key positive aspects: •Edited and written via famous all over the world leaders within the box •Appeals to a vast viewers of fabrics scientists, chemists, and engineers in educational learn and commercial R&D •Covers inorganic, natural, and composite aerogels •Describes army, aerospace, construction undefined, loved ones, environmental, strength, and biomedical functions between others
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Extra info for Aerogels Handbook
Cn Randall L. O. gov Irina Smirnova, Prof. de Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Prof. , UMR CNRS 6116 -UMR IRD 193- IMEP- IRD-PRAM, 97200 Le Lamentin, Martinique, France; CNRS-Universite´ de Montpellier II, Place E. com Wei Yin, Prof. edu Part I 1 History of Aerogels Alain C. Pierre Abstract This chapter presents a historical account of the progressive development of the solid materials known as aerogels. The founding work of Kistler is first summarized. His precursory work attracted the attention of scientists who focused on the physics and chemistry of aerogels, reviewed in the second section.
C R Acad Sci Paris 25:854–856 Peri JB (1966) Infrared study of OH and NH2 groups on the surface of a dry silica aerogel. J Phys Chem 70:2937–2945 Woignier T, Phalippou J, Quinson JF, Pauthe M, Laveissiere F (1992) Physicochemical transformation of silica gels during hypercritical drying. J Non-Cryst Solids 145:25–32 Vacher R, Phalippou J, Pelous J, Woignier (eds) (1989) On the fractal structure of silica aerogels. In Vacher R, Phalippou J, Pelous J, Woignier T (eds) Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Aerogels (ISA2), Rev.
Lu H, Luo H, Mulik S, Sotiriou-Leventis C, Leventis N (2008) Compressive behavior of crosslinked mesoporous silica aerogels at high strain rates Polymer Preprints (Amer Chem Soc) 49:515–516 126. Gelb LD (2007) Simulating Silica Aerogels with a Coarse-Grained Flexible Model and Langevin Dynamics J Phys Chem C 111:15792–1580 127. Morales-Florez V, Toledo-Fernandez JA, Rosa-Fox N, Pinero M, Esquivias L (2009) Percolation of the organic phase in hybrid organic-inorganic aerogels J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 50:170–175 128.
Aerogels Handbook by Alain C. Pierre (auth.), Michel A. Aegerter, Nicholas Leventis, Matthias M. Koebel (eds.)