By Wim Pelupessy, Reurd Ruben
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Extra resources for Agrarian Policies in Central America
The future integration of agriculture in the rest of the economy depends also on complementary actions of the (developmental) state. Finally, conclusions will be presented in the last section for future policies to extend and deepen the land reform process in El Salvador. ’ (1995a: 193–209). The question is, for what purpose and under what conditions? A correctly designed and applied reform may facilitate, for 20 Land Reform in El Salvador and Taiwan example, efﬁciency-increasing changes in agricultural factor and product markets, technologies and power structures (Lipton, 1993: 642).
This invasion Wim Pelupessy 25 took place after the withdrawal of the Japanese colonial authority from Taiwan. High immigration, albeit on a much smaller scale, also occurred at the end of the 1960s in El Salvador as a result of the conﬂict with Honduras. However, these were mainly peasants and landless rural workers that settled in the poor rural areas of the country. The mainlanders practically took over the island of Taiwan and implemented the agrarian reform to prevent a peasant uprising after the mainland defeat.
The question is, for what purpose and under what conditions? A correctly designed and applied reform may facilitate, for 20 Land Reform in El Salvador and Taiwan example, efﬁciency-increasing changes in agricultural factor and product markets, technologies and power structures (Lipton, 1993: 642). However, some authors see the justiﬁcation of land reform more on social and political than on economic grounds (El-Ghonemy 1990: 282; 299: Timmer, 1991: 16; Sobhan, 1993: 115). Hayami has constructed a model where political (marginal) revenues and costs of reform are downward and upward functions respectively of the degree of land redistribution.
Agrarian Policies in Central America by Wim Pelupessy, Reurd Ruben